This Goal aspires to ensure health and well-being for all, including a bold commitment to end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and other communicable diseases by 2030. It also aims to achieve universal health coverage and provide access to safe and effective medicines and vaccines for all. Supporting research and development for vaccines is an essential part of this process as well as expanding access to affordable medicines.
Despite this incredible progress, more than 6 million children still die before their fifth birthday every year. 16,000 children die each day from preventable diseases such as measles and tuberculosis. Every day hundreds of women die during pregnancy or from child-birth related complications. In many rural areas, only 56 percent of births are attended by skilled professionals. AIDS is now the leading cause of death among teenagers in sub-Saharan Africa, a region still severely devastated by the HIV epidemic.
Climate change affects the social and environmental determinants of health – clean air, safe drinking water, enough food and secure shelter- by heat waves, sea-level rise, flooding, changing rainfall patterns and storms, desertification, etc. Between 2030 and 2050, climate change is expected to cause approximately 250,000 additional deaths per year, from malnutrition, malaria, diarrhoea and heat stress.
Therefore, IOLDCs is working on advocating universal enhanced health response to such diseases and climate change mitigation to diminish its impacts on health in LDCs.
Source: UNICEF https://www.unicef.org/mdg/childmortality.html